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  • 28 Jul 2022

PHP vs. JavaScript: Similarities and Distinctions

PHP and JavaScript are both dynamic, server-side, and client-side languages. Therefore, they can be used together to create dynamic websites. But their use differs in a few aspects. JavaScript is primarily used in web technologies while PHP is used for low-level integration functions as well as micro languages like shell scripts, .sh files, etc. JavaScript is an object-oriented language that enables you to create complete applications based on JavaScript libraries and APIs (APIs stand for Application Programming Interface).

A common question that arises is ‘What are the differences between PHP and JavaScript?’. In this article, we will attempt to examine the similarities and differences between JavaScript and PHP.

JavaScript and PHP are both general-purpose programming languages. In other words, they are not meant to be used only to build specific applications or websites. PHP is a server-side language that can be used to process data from one or more databases and return it to the client in HTML (or XML). 

Similarities Between JavaScript and PHP

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language that can be used to create simple or complex web pages. PHP is a server-side programming language that can be used to create web applications.

Both languages are open source and have similar syntax. The similarities between JavaScript and PHP are as follows:

a. Both languages are open-source, which means they are free to use and modify. They both come with extensive documentation, tutorials, and training resources.

b. Both languages can be used for free; however, there are some restrictions on the use of PHP in some countries.

c. PHP is a general-purpose programming language, whereas JavaScript is most commonly used as a client-side scripting language (hence its name).

d. PHP and JavaScript both have multiple frameworks available, easing the development process for developers who need to build larger projects with multiple components (such as databases).

e. Both languages are widely used due to their availability of training resources, documentation, and tutorials; therefore, it’s easier for new developers to learn these languages than other ones such as C++ or Java.

Difference Between JavaScript and PHP

JavaScript and PHP are two different coding languages that run on the same platform. However, they have their differences in syntax and application.

PHP is a server-side scripting language that runs on a web server. It can be used to write code for the database server and store data in the database. PHP can also be used to create dynamic pages using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

JavaScript on the other hand is a client-side scripting language that runs on the browser. Its main purpose is to create interactive web pages for users without requiring any additional components such as Flash or Java applets. It also allows you to use web applications without having to download any heavy third-party applications like Flash or Java applets which are usually very large in size and consume much space on your hard disk too!

a. PHP Is A Server-Side Language Whereas JavaScript Is A Client-Side Language

b. JavaScript Is An Open Source Language Which Means You Can Download The Scripts For Free On The Web

c. PHP Runs On Its Own While JavaScript Can’t Run Without An Interpreter Like A Browser Or Node JS

When to use PHP and JavaScript

Simply keep the following things in mind when selecting the best back-end technologies:

Select PHP as your back-end language when your project covers:

a. CMS like Drupal, WordPress, Joomla, etc

b. Solution stacks like LAMP (Linux, PHP, MySQL, Apache)

c. Servers like Sybase, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, etc.

Pick JavaScript when your project covers:

a. Server Technologies like MongoDB, Express.js, Node.js, etc.

b. Front-end technologies like Ember.js, React js, Angular js, Backbone.js, etc.

c. Solutions Stacks like MEAN (Express js, Angular js, MongoDB, etc.)

d. SPAs (Dynamic Single Page Applications)

Ultimately, the choice of language to code in will come down to the developer's specific needs. While there are benefits and drawbacks to both PHP and JavaScript, the most important thing is to choose a language with which its developers are comfortable and in which they will have an easier time developing their web application

To date, both PHP and JavaScript are widely used in the development of dynamic websites. There are points of debate when comparing the two languages – however, they are still vital components of web developers' toolkits. Even though there is a plethora of technologies for developers to choose from to build websites, it is vital that we compare frameworks and languages that are widely used and favored in the industry. 

Digittrix Infotech is India’s leading web and mobile app development company for a reason. Here, we make sure all your demands are comprehended briefly and aim at delivering exceptional services with our skillset, tools, and frameworks.


Written by Harsh Abrol
A seasoned software developer and technology enthusiast who has over 10 years of experience in the field

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